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Clinical neurospychology

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작성자 관리자 작성일09-10-03 21:45 조회26,631회 댓글2건


Clinical neuropsychologists are professional clinical psychologists who undergo additional specialty training in cognitive psychology, neuroanatomy and neuropathology, neuroscience, behavioral neurology, and pharmacology. Clinical neuropsychologists are primarily involved in the evaluation of a person's cognitive abilities. A typical neuropsychological evaluation assesses many of the following ability areas:
1)     General intellect.
2)     Motor skills and sensation.
3)     Attention and concentration.
4)     Language.
5)     Visual-spatial skills.
6)     Learning and memory.
7)     Executive functioning.
8)     Mood and personality
Individuals needing evaluation may have general complaints of cognitive dysfunction in some or all of the areas listed above, acquired brain injury (e.g., stroke, CNS infection, hypoxia), traumatic brain injury, neurodegenerative or demyelinating conditions (e.g., dementia, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis), childhood disorders (e.g., preterm birth, learning disabilities, ADHD, autism spectrum disorders), and/or medical conditions affecting cognitive function (cardiovascular, renal, liver, chronic pain).

Evaluation can help to establish or confirm a diagnosis, assist with differential diagnosis, determine the presence and severity of an individual's cognitive-behavioral-emotional difficulties, assist with determination of limitations in daily functioning and decision-making capacity, evaluate surgical candidacy, assist in treatment planning, offer feedback and treatment recommendations to patients/caregivers and other providers, and provide a baseline from which recovery or deterioration can be tracked.

For more information about clinical neuropsychology,
please see the Division 40 adult and pediatric neuropsychology brochures.
In terms of employment opportunities, in what areas do clinical neuropsychologists work? You can find neuropsychologists working in a wide variety of environments, including but certainly not limited to:

1)     Academic pursuits like teaching and/or research at the university level.

2)     Research and consulting positions in private industry.
3)     Positions in federal government (e.g., FBI, CIA, the Department of
        Defense, and the Federal Bureau of Prisons, among others).
4)     As service members working with active duty military.
5)     Veteran's Administration (e.g., VA medical centers, outpatient clinics).
6)     Inpatient/outpatient rehabilitation hospitals and clinics.
7)     Behavioral neurology clinics.
8)     Psychiatric hospitals.
9)     Private practice.
10)   As forensic consultants on a variety of legal cases.

Training in clinical neuropsychology is represented at all levels by various organizations, many of which offer searchable databases of training programs on their respective websites:

American Psychological Association, Division 40

The Association of Internship Training in Clinical Neuropsychology
The Association of Psychology Postdoctoral Fellowships and Internships
The Association of Postdoctoral Programs in Clinical Neuropsychology

Inter-Organizational Practice Committee

Additional doctoral programs offering specialty training in clinical neuropsychology can be found by perusing our chapter listing, which can be found on the ANST Chapter page. APA Division 40 and ANST are currently working on an update database containing relevant doctoral, internship, and postdoctoral training programs, and this will be available in the near future.


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